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Spring has sprung at the Walt Disney World Resort as the 18th Annual Epcot International Flower & Garden Festival is officially in full bloom. Now through May 15, Park Guests can gawk at newborn butterflies, gardens with a global flair, and some of their favorite characters-turned-topiaries. Making it even more spectacular, this is the first time the festival is featuring Disney·Pixar Character topiaries. The Insider spoke with Horticulture Manager Eric Darden and Topiary Specialist Renee Worrell about bringing these plants of fantastical proportions to life.
"There are many must-see attractions, and they're all special for different reasons. But this time we have Pixar topiaries – we've wanted to include them for years. Woody and Buzz are right up at the front of the Park ... it's really exciting!" Eric says. In addition to Woody and Buzz, there are more than 75 Disney Character topiaries throughout the entire Festival (over 100 in all!), including Luxo Ball, Lightning McQueen, Tow Mater, and Lots-O-Huggin' Bear. Renee feels nothing but affection for Lotso. "He's supposed to be mean, but he's full of begonias and just cute as can be."
Cuteness aside, lots 'o' creativity goes into developing the topiaries each year. Renee describes collaborating with the Pixar team. "With most of our character topiaries, we create maquettes based on conceptual drawings. Then we select the plant material before working with welders who build the frames – there needs to be enough room for the root balls and plant material to grow. But Pixar sent us clay sculptures for each of their character topiaries ... we used them to make molds for the frames."
Frames are then hot-galvanized to prevent rust and painted like a car. Once complete, they're sent to the greenhouse for irrigation and then on to Renee's team for stuffing and planting. A character artist ensures that the topiaries remain true to each character's personality. Adjustments are made by adding or subtracting moss rather than by altering the steel frame.
Ficus Pumila, commonly known as "Creeping Fig," is one of the best plants for topiaries. Renee explains, "It's just green, and works well for arms and everything. Alternathera's great because of its brilliant color." Some other plant materials used include fast-growing Lysimachia (AKA Creeping Jenny), Stipa Grass (known as Mexican Feather Grass), and Woodyetiya, a palm tree seed used mostly for the characters' eyes – unless hungry visitors decide otherwise. "A squirrel crawled right up and ripped the [seed] eyes out of Beast one year!"
The topiaries remain in the greenhouse until they've slowly adapted to the sun – otherwise, Renee says, they'd burn from full exposure. "Doing the Festival earlier in the season means we don't have so much of an acclimation period to deal with. Plus, the color's just incredible this time of year." Growth, depending on the size of the topiary, takes approximately 8 to 12 weeks. Ficus grows approximately one inch in a month and a half.
Some of the Park's largest topiaries measure 12 feet wide and 8 feet tall, so moving the fully grown topiaries to Epcot is quite a production, according to Renee. "We just roll them up onto open-topped trucks with an electric pallet jack. Some pieces are really big, like the arch where Lightning McQueen and Tow Mater are. It's actually two pieces – it took a low-boy semi [truck] and two cranes to transport and assemble."
Daily care includes watering, fertilization, trimming, pinning, and any necessary touch-ups. "Even though there's an internal irrigation system, our crew still needs to check them individually because certain areas (like arms) dry out faster. Each topiary must look as good as the day it arrived ... Guests might only have one chance to see them. That's what we strive for." Renee and her team have back-up plants in the event something gets damaged. After the festival, topiaries return to the greenhouse to be cleaned and stored for the following year if they don't replace others throughout the Park.
Does Renee have a particular favorite? "I haven't really decided which character's my favorite ... each brings back memories. Trying to deal with Woody's skinny arms was really tough because he's a ragdoll. To remain true to his shape, we used a lighting truss where Woody's elbows are flat to get the irrigation plugged in."
In addition to the topiary extravaganza, there's a lot more at the festival for green thumbs and nature aficionados to enjoy. Bambi's Butterfly House presented by HGTV is three times larger this year – one little-known fact is that the butterflies are released from their chrysalises so Guests can watch them emerge up close. "It's one of my favorites," adds Eric, "because of the children's reaction. Seeing butterflies come to life, spread their wings, and fly off is a pretty phenomenal thing to observe."
Don't miss the debut of Disney·Pixar topiaries at the Epcot International Flower & Garden Festival this spring ... Woody and the gang are waiting!
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